There are several treatment options for a person dealing with a mental health disorder. It may be difficult to decide which option is best between the intensive outpatient program and an intensive inpatient program.
An outpatient rehab program could be effective even in its flexibility. This allows the individual to receive great healthcare while being close to home and society. They are able to spend some hours daily in the treatment facility while still attending school, meeting up with friends, having time with family and dealing with the societal structure as a whole. An outpatient program may be best suited to a person who exhibits milder symptoms of mental illnesses, are in the earlier stages of substance use disorder or drug addiction. It may also be befitting for a person who is unable to take time away from work to check in to a facility as an in-patient.
However, depending on the severity and extent of the individual’s mental health, he or she may require a more intense level of treatment where they can be more closely supervised and away from an environment that can easily trigger them or have access to drugs, alcohol or controlled substances. An inpatient program may as well be recommended with a patient who has been previously treated as an outpatient but relapsed.
In a safe and secure inpatient program facility, the patient is cared for while being closely monitored. The inpatient program is structured such that the person is gradually stabilized and prepared again for the outside world in a way that reduces the risk of further relapse and re-hospitalization.Under 24-hour care, the patient is better understood and cared for, helping them prepare for a life free of drugs and alcohol addiction and the ability to manage negative urges, thoughts, and influence.
There are 4 major steps taken in an inpatient facility to help a patient get fully restored and become a well-functioning, healthy member of the society.
The first step taken as a young person or an individual is checked in to a teen rehab center or inpatient facility is the detoxification process to stabilize the patient. This is especially useful for a patient with addiction or dual diagnosis. Alcohol, drugs or other controlled substances are removed from the body. It is a psychological process to help control the use of substances. Depending on the extent of the addiction and the body of the patient, this process may take a few days or weeks. Sometimes, medically assisted treatments may be used in detoxification. MATs are done using drugs approved by the Food & DrugAdministration (FDA) to regulate the brain’s reaction to the addictive drugs and alcohol as well as alleviate the euphoric feeling the substances provide.
It is important, however, to understand that detoxification does not count for the treatment itself. Not continuing treatment after detox causes a relapse. According to the NationalInstitute on Drug Abuse, 40-60% of people who undergo addiction treatment relapse after a period of recovery. However, at least 90% of people who discontinue treatment after detoxification relapse and about 59% relapse within only a week. Continued treatment after detoxification not only reduces the risk of relapse, it also promotes long term recovery.
The second stage of treatment following detoxification is Patient Assessment. Done to ensure that the individual is placed under a suitable combination of treatment plans, a health professional evaluates all aspects of the patient’s life and health. This includes social, mental, emotional physical health as well as his or her previous health records. This process is a thorough one that seeks to fully understand the life of the patient, their relationship with friends and family, their academic record and so on. The professional tries to understand the root cause of the mental illness if possible. Gathering and analyzing the information, the specialist is able to recommend treatment programs that best suit the patient’s individual needs that increase their chance of recovery.
Following the assessment, the patient begins treatment. Several treatment options, programs, and combinations are possible following the professional specialist’s recommendation for the individual patient. Some of the treatment programs used include:
Following inpatient treatment and the last stage of inpatient facility rehabilitation and care is the continuing or aftercare. The continuing care process begins at the time of admission into the facility. The facility professionals work to help figure out the best step following completion of inpatient care and discharge. Continuing care plans may include outpatient care, a weekly therapy session of medication management. It is also done to ensure that the patient has a safe space, free of triggering environments or temptation as they are immersed back in society. Sometimes, an alternate temporary living arrangement may be recommended to enable full recovery post-treatment.
It is important to choose an in-patient facility with specialized professionals to help with the recovery of a teenager or adolescent in order to fully heal and avoid temporary or incomplete treatment before discharge that may allow for relapse.